Integrating renewable energy sources into smart grids using Automatic Circuit Reclosers

 

ABSTRACT:

There is global momentum to diversify electricity generation sources for economic, environmental and security reasons. “Distributed generation” (DG) enables more companies to enter the electricity market stimulating competition, encourages the development of renewable energy (RE) and limits the impact of events such as cyber attacks. However, conventional electricity distribution networks are poorly matched to the needs of DG because they were designed to meet the demands of large generating capacity sited close to population centres.

The introduction of smart grids is helping electricity utilities move away from such centralised generation to a DG model with a significant and expanding proportion of DG. This paper looks at the challenges of integrating RE DG and shows how distribution automation (DA) equipment such as Automatic Circuit Reclosers (ACR) can form the foundations of smart grids that can overcome these challenges.

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